Udyog Aadhaar and MSME Registration
Hi Readers, in this article we will discuss about Udyog Aadhar and MSME Registration. With the view to address policy issues related to MSMEs a separate law, The Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development (MSMED) Act was notified in 2006. The purpose of the MSMED Act was to facilitate development of these enterprises and enhance their competitiveness. The MSMED Act provides the first-ever legal framework which recognition the concept of “enterprise” that covers both manufacturing and service entities, first time medium enterprises were defined and that was in The MSMED Act. The Act also seeks to integrate the three tiers of these enterprises, namely, micro, small and medium.
The MSMED Act classified the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) in two Classes:
(a) Manufacturing Enterprises – An enterprise that is in the process of manufacturing or production of goods pertaining to any industry specified in the first schedule to the industries (Development and regulation) Act, 1951) or that employed plant and machinery in the process of its value addition to the final product having a distinct name or character or use. The Manufacturing Enterprise is further defined as Micro, Small and Medium enterprises in terms of investment in Plant & Machinery.
(b) Service Enterprises: An enterprise that is providing or rendering of services. Service enterprise is further defined as Micro, Small and Medium enterprises in terms of investment in equipment falls under Service enterprises.
The limit for investment in plant and machinery / equipment for manufacturing / service enterprises are as under:
|Enterprises||UAM Category||Type||Investment in plant & machinery / Equipment|
|Micro Enterprises||A||Manufacturing||Does not exceed 25 Lakh rupees|
|D||Service||Does not exceed 10 Lakh rupees|
|Small Enterprises||B||Manufacturing||More than 25 Lakh rupees but does not exceed 5 Crore rupees|
|E||Service||More than 10 Lakh rupees but does not exceeds 2 crore rupees|
|Medium Enterprises||C||Manufacturing||More than 5 Crore rupees but does not exceed 10 crore rupees|
|F||Service||More than 2 Crore rupees but does not exceed 5 Crore rupees|
The MSMED Act provided for registration of enterprises with District Industries Centre (herein afterwards refereed as DICs). After 2006 Entrepreneurs Memorandum i.e. EM-I for those enterprises that are yet to commence operation and EM-II for enterprises having commenced operations were required to file the requisite memorandum with the respective DICs.
The Kamath Committee commented to EM registration process as… “The major issue lies not with the registration process as per the MSMED Act, 2006 but with the conditions applied by the local DICs. There are localized rules and requirements which could vary even from district to district within the same state, which may result in delays in receiving the EM II acknowledgement”.
As per the recommendations made by Kamath Committee, the Ministry of MSME, in consultation with the National Board of MSMEs and the Advisory Committee in this behalf, has came out with a single page registration form that constituted a self- declaration format under which the MSME will self-certify its details like its existence, bank account details, promoter/owner’s Aadhaar details and other minimum basic information required. Based on the same, the MSMEs can be issued online, a unique identifier i.e. Udyog Aadhaar Number.
It is twelve-digit Unique Identification Number provided by the Ministry and it is also known as Aadhar for Business
The earlier system of EM registration is was replaced with filling of Udyog Aadhaar Memorandum (herein afterwards referred as “UAM”) notified 18th September 2015
The purpose of UAM is to promote micro, small and medium enterprises. The registration of Udyog Aadhar is free. The process of obtaining Udyog Aadhaar Number is free-of cost, paperless and results in instant registration.
Udyog Aadhar scheme was launched in September 2015 by Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises under the Simplified one-page registration form is put in place.
- Registration is online and user-friendly;
- UAM can be filled on self declaration;
- No documents required
- No fee for filling
- File more than one Udyog Aadhaar within same Aadhaar number.
Introduction of UAM was a path breaking step to promote ease-of-doing-business for MSMEs in India. The UAM system replaced the need for filing Entrepreneurs Memorandum (EM Part-I & II). In the earlier mechanism filing EM by a Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise is put in place by respective States and Union Territories (UT). While some of the States / UTs have made the process online, either by themselves or through the Portal created by this Ministry, several States / UTs were still relying on the manual way of filing EM. The introduction of filing a single UAM online by enterprises located anywhere in India would end these existing variations in filing of EM.
The UAM has emerged from the vision of Hon’ble Prime Minister of India shared with the Nation through “Mann Ki Baat” telecast on 03-10-2014 wherein it was quoted “Lots of suggestion are received by me, some of them are very interesting. Some people have suggested that the process of registration for small-scale industries should be simple. I will bring it to the notice of the government.”
Further recommendations for Universalization of Registration in the Report of the Kamath Committee on Financial Architecture of MSME sector. With so many consultation exercises in the National Board of MSMEs and the Advisory Committee for MSME Act, it was expected to get a simplified one-page Memorandum that can be filed online and surely unlock the potential of MSMEs, besides improving India’s international ranking in doing Business Index.
The UA Portal, http://udyogaadhaar.gov.in is for online filing of UAM by enterprises located anywhere in the country. The UA portal is also accessible on mobile devices.
UAM is beneficial in many ways. The registration will make the units / enterprises capable of getting relevant information and apply online about various services that are being offered by various Ministries and Departments.
Before introduction of The MSMED Act provides only medium enterprises were insisted to file EM2 and it was very cumbersome to file, with introduction of a simplified Udyog Aadhaar, all enterprises become capable of filing and registering themselves and thus by getting Udyog Aadhaar Unique identity code the enterprises can access other services. Industry association and Business Member Organizations (BMO) can take a lead role and help existing enterprises to register and join the formal economy.
For any query you can write at firstname.lastname@example.org. Before making any decisions do consult with your professional or tax adviser.
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